Exercise 1 Tables
1. I prefer travelling by plane because it’s quicker.
2. I think buses are better than any other form of transport. A busy journey is more interesting because you can see what is happening in the streets.
3. I hate travelling by train. There are always problems with trains in the area. They’re either late or they’re cancelled. You can never trust them. I use my car and always get where I’m going on time. Travelling by car is definitely more reliable.
4. I don’t take buses, nor do I drive a car. They both cause terrible pollution in towns and cities’. I enjoy travelling everywhere by bike. It’good exercise for my body and it’better for the environment.
5. I think people who drive to get to work are crazy. They sit for hours in traffic jams. To me trains are much better. I like travelling by train because I can work while I’m travelling. It’s more convenient and more comfortable than travelling by car.
1) faster (quicker) 2) more interesting 3) car 4) more reliable 5) bike 6) better for the environment 7) train 8)more convenient; more comfortable
Part B A passage
The maglev train
On the whole I think our country has an excellent system of transportation, but I do not think that it does a good job of transportation people between cities that are only a few hundred miles apart. A person commuting between one city and a neighbouring one may spend only a relatively short time in the air while spending several hours getting to and from the airport. This situation makes flying almost as time-consuming as driving. Moreover, airplane uses a lot of their fuel just getting into the air. They simply are not fuel efficient on short trips. Then high speed trains may be the answer. One fairly new proposal for such a train is for something called MAGLEV, meaning a train raised in the air by magnetic force. Maglevs will not actually ride on the tracks but will fly above tracks that are magnetically activated. This will save wear and tear on the tracks. These trains will be able to go faster than 150 miles per hour. At that speed conventional trains have trouble staying on the tracks. It seems Maglevs offer exciting possibilities for the future.
1. how is the transportation system in the speaker’s country? [b. it is excellent but not good enough …]
2. Is air travel a good means of transport for journey between cities that are not far away from one another? [b. yes and no. it takes a short time to fly between the two cities but it may take hours to get to and from the airports.]
3. what seems to be the best way to solve the problem of travelling between neighboring cities? [d. the use of …]
4. what can you conclude form the passage? [b. Maglevs offer a possible solution to the problem ….]
Exercise2: 1) short time 2) several hours 3) to and from 4) fuel efficient 5) taking off 6) wear and tear 7) staying on the track 8) very fast 9) 150 10) save wear and tear A conversation Ann: Ben: Ann: Ben: Ann: Is this your car? Ben! You can’t park here! There is a double yellow line. Oh, we’ll be back in a few minutes. It’s ok. Oh, no, it isn’t. You’ll get a parking ticket if you park here. No, I won’t. It’s half past five. All the wardens have gone home. Ben!
Ben: Yes? Warden: Is this your car, sir? Ben: Oh, my! Well, I’m sorry, sir. I’m just looking for a car park around. Ann: Yes, he is. And he doesn’t know the way well. But can you tell us where we can find a parking space near here, sir? Warden: There’s one on the corner of the second block. But don’t park your car by the roadside next time, sir. Ann: No, no, we won’t. Thank you very much, sir. Ben: You’are really good, Ann! But we have to hurry, I’m afraid. We must get back before 6 o’clock. Ann: But you mustn’t drive too fast, Ben. Ben: Take it easy, Ann. Don’t be too anxious. Ann: Look, Ben! A police is following…. Policeman: Excuse me, sir. May I see your licence? Ben: Of course, sir. Well,…er, I’m sorry I’ve left it at home. Policeman: In that case, you’ll have to get to the police station within five days. Ben: But…but why? Policeman: You were speeding, sir. Ben: But I was only doing 35! Policeman: There’s only a 30miles an hour speed limit on this road, sir. Ben: Is there? I didn’t see the sign… Policeman: Well, sir. We’ve been following you. Ben: So you were doing 35 , too. Policeman: No, sir. We were doing 60 miles per hour. Otherwise we couldn’t catch you.
1. where did Ben park his car? [d. by the roadside]
2. why did Ben park his car there? [a. he thought there was no danger of getting a parking ticket.]
3. what could happen if you park your car by a double yellow line? [a. you would run the risk of getting a … ]
4. what can be inferred from the conversation? [d. Ben would not be in trouble with the traffic police if …]
Exercise2: 1) if he parked his car by a double yellow line 2) have gone home after half past five 3) had to get back before six 4) had been following Ben’s car 5) speeding 6) 60miles an hour in order to stop Ben
Exercise 1: Advantages: 1) transport over the year 2) half an hour 3) traffic jams 4) cold railway platform for crowded trains Disadvantages: 1) waterproof clothes 2) cold, in winter 3) not really be cheaper Exercise2: 1): Because the infrastructure of our company has been developed rapidly in recent years. 2): a. the distance they are travelling; b: the amount of time they wish to spend; c: the amount of money they wish to spend. 3): Bicycle, bus, subway, taxi, private car, airplane, train