contra- 中英文意思 反对,相反PPT

来源于拉丁语前缀contra-或介词contra(对抗)。

同源单词

contradict, contradiction, contrary, contrast, contravene

contra, counter, contro 中英文意思 against 反对PPT

  都来源于拉丁语 contra 反对。contro 为 contra 的变体。

同源词:

1. country  [count反对 + -ry 名词后缀]

  n.国土,国家,国民,乡村,故乡

2. countermand  [counter反对 + mand 命令 → 与命令相反的指令→]

  n.撤销

3. encounter  [en- 使 + counter 反对 →使反对→]

  n.遭遇,遇到,相遇

4. contravene  [contra 反对 + vene (=went) 走 → 反向而行→]

  n.违反,违背

5. counterbalance  [counter反对 + balance 平衡 → 对立两边一样平→]

  n.平衡

6. countryside  [countr反对 + -y (n.) 名词后缀 + side 边 → 在一个国家内,比较偏远的,远离大城市的→]

  n.乡下地方,乡下居民

词根contra,counter,contro 中英文意思 against 反对PPT

都来源于拉丁语 contra 反对。contro 为 contra 的变体。

同源词:

1.country [count反对 + -ry 名词后缀]

n.国土,国家,国民,乡村,故乡

2.countermand [counter反对 + mand 命令 → 与命令相反的指令→]

n.撤销

3.encounter [en- 使 + counter 反对 →使反对→]

n.遭遇,遇到,相遇

4.contravene [contra 反对 + vene (=went) 走 → 反向而行→]

n.违反,违背

5.counterbalance [counter反对 + balance 平衡 → 对立两边一样平→]

n.平衡

6.countryside [countr反对 + -y (n.) 名词后缀 + side 边 → 在一个国家内,比较偏远的,远离大城市的→]

n.乡下地方,乡下居民

prefix contra-,contro-,countrer-PPT

汉:contra来源于拉丁语,意为"against,contrary,opposite"。contro,counter是它的变形。前缀contra-原是拉丁介词,意思为against 或opposite,它主要出现在直接引进英语的拉丁词中,是个只与拉丁词根缀合的原生词缀。但是与contra-缀合的词基恰好是英语中的拉丁借词,在这种情况下,也可以把它看作派生词缀。

英:word-forming element meaning "against, in opposition," from Latin adverb and preposition contra (see contra). The Latin word was used as a prefix in Late Latin. In French, it became contre- and passed into English as counter-. The Old English equivalent was wiðer (surviving in withers and widdershins), from wið "with, against." 1.contraband

n.smuggled goods,unlawful trade 违禁品,走私 *contra(=against),ban (=control,prohibition)

例句:Airport customs officers searched each passenger for contraband.机场海关人员为防止走私,对每位乘客都进行检查。

2.contraception

n.method of preventing org planning conception 避孕(法)

例句:The church still opposes any unnatural method of contraception.教会仍然反对任何不自然的避孕方法。

3.controvert

v.dispute about;deny,oppose争论;反驳,反对 (反对而转过身来)*contro(=contra=against),vert(=turn)

例句:I feel compelled to controvert this decision.我觉得必须要反对这项决定。

4.counterfeit

v.imitate coins,handwritings,etc.伪造 (违反去做)

n./adj.(someting)made or done in imitation of another thing in order to deceive 赝品;伪造,假冒的 *counter(=contra=against),feit(=to make)

例句:There are many counterfeit Nike and Reebok shoes on the market.市场上有很多假冒的耐克和锐步鞋。

5.counterpart

n.person or thing exactly like 极相似的人或物 *counter(=against),part(=part)

例句:Defense Minister Kim will meet with his cunterpart from Thailand tomorrow.国防部长金部长将于明日会见泰国的国防部长。