en- 中英文意思 入,向内;不,无;饰以…,配以;使…;动词前加强意义PPT

同源单词

enable, enact, enamour, encircle, enclose

suffix -en的含义、词源和例词PPT

汉:动词以及形容词后缀-en意为"make,having the quality of"。后缀-en来源于古英语-nian。它一般加缀在英语形容词或名词后面。当它与形容词缀合时,意为to cause to be~(使…)或to become ~(变得…);当它与名词缀合时,意为to cause to have ~(使有…)或to become to have ~(变得有)。在wooden 中,-en 是个形容词后缀,它的词源是古英语的-en,它一般加在物质名词后面表示made of ~(由…制成)或having the look of ~(像…样子)。

英文词源:

-en (1)

word-forming element making verbs (e.g. darken, weaken) from adjectives or from nouns, from Old English -nian, from Proto-Germanic *-inojan (cf. Old Norse -na), from PIE adjectival suffix *-no-. Most active in Middle English.

-en (2)

suffix added to nouns to produce adjectives meaning "made of, of the nature of" (e.g. golden, oaken), corresponding to Latin -ine. Common in Old and Middle English, surviving words with it now are largely discarded in everyday use and the simple form of the noun serves as an adjective as well.

同缀词:

1.broaden

v.make or become broad 拓宽;变宽

例句:Prosecutors plan to broaden the scope of their investigation to include black money Mr.Lee may have stashed away during his presidency.检察官计划将他们的调查范围扩大到包括李先生担任总统期间可能藏匿的

黑钱。

2.hasten

v.move or act with speed;cause to hurry;cause to be done or to happen quickly or earlier 赶紧;催促,促进

例句:Aid from the United States is expected to hasten Russia’s nuclear disarmament.人们希望美国的援助能够促使俄罗斯解除武器。

3.heighten

v.make or become high提高

例句:By heightening the tunnel 50 centimeters,trucks will be able to pass through.半岛的紧张局势因此事面升温。

4.lengthen

v.make or become longer 使延长;延长

例句:during renovation,the indoor pool will be lengthened to a full 100 meters.在修善期间,室内游泳池将加长到100米。

5.molten

adj. in a melted and therefore very hot state;made of metal that has been melted and cast 熔化的,熔解的;铸造的

例句:Molten rock spewed by the volcano fell down on the village,setting off several hundred fires.火山喷出的熔岩落到村庄,引起无数百场火灾。

prefix en-(em-) 中英文意思 to put into;to makePPT

en-是个来源于古法语的前缀,但其前身却是拉丁语的in-,原意是in或into。在现代英语构词中,en-是个动词性的派生前缀。它与名词或形容词相缀合,构成动词,其意思相当于to put into(使…置于…)或to make(使…)。em-是en-的异体,只出现在唇辅音字母b,p与m之前。此外,前缀en-还有一个同义前缀be,也具有“使动”的含义。

例子:

1.empower [(em<en(=make) +pot<pot( =powerful)使强有力]

vt.give power or authority to act 授权…

empowerment 授予权力,授权

ex) The feminist movement empowored millions of women in America.

女权运动在美国鼓舞了数百万女性。

2.encompass [(en( =make) +com( =together)+pass( =stride, step)使一起大步行走]

vt. include; encircle, surround entirely, envelop 包含;围绕,包围;包装

encompassment 围绕,包围;包括

ex) My CD collection encompasses a wide range of musical genres.

我收集的CD里包含各种类型的音乐。

3.encounter [(en( =make) +counter( =against)使面对面]

vt. find oneself faced by danger, difficulties, etc.; meet enemies; meet a friend,etc. unexpectedly 遏到危险、困难等;遭遇敌人;意外地遇见朋友等,偶然相遇,碰见

n. a sudden, unexpected meeting with someone or something 意外的相遇,遭遇;冲突,对抗,决战

ex)I never expeected to encounter so many regulations.

我没有预料到我会碰到这么多的制约。

4.emblem [(em<en( =in) +bl <bol( =throw)向里边扔]

n. symbol; badge 象征.标志;徽章 emblematic 象征性的

ex) In most cultures, the dove is seen as an emblem of peace.

在大多数文化中鸽子都被看作是和平的象征。

5.enchant [(en( =in)+chant<cant( =sing)在里边歌唱]

vt. fascinate; delight; transport; use magic on, bewitch 着迷;欣喜;使恍惚;施魔法 enchantment 着迷;恍惚;着魔 enchanter 魔法师;便人着迷者 enchantress 女巫;迷人的女人 enchanting 着迷的 enchanted

入迷的,着了魔的 enchantingly 入迷地

ex) Fairy tales with trolls always enchant my children.

出现侏儒(或巨人,生活在北欧地下洞穴里)的童话总是能使我的孩子们着迷。

6.entreat [(en( =in)+treat( =draw)在里边拉、拽]

vt. ask someone earnestly; implore恳请;乞求 entreaty恳求,哀求,恳请,乞求

entreating 恳求的,乞求的 entreatingly 哀求地

ex) The policeman entraated the suspect to surrender without violence.

警察恳请嫌疑人投降,而不要暴力反抗。

7.embargo [(em<en (=in)+bar (=bar)在某物里放人障碍物、棍子]

n. a restriction put on trade by law;a government order that ships must not enter or leave its ports; any restriction 禁止通商;禁止船只出入港口;禁止

vt. lay ships under an embargo; put an embargo on trade 禁运;禁止通商

ex) The U.S. has long enforced a trade ernbargo against Cuba.

英国长期对古巴强制施行了贸易禁运政策。

8.embody [(em<en (=give)+body (=body)给身体]

vt. give form to ideas, feeling, etc.:include; comprise; clothe a spirit with a body 具体表达思想、情感等,具体体现;包含;赋予灵魂以肉体

embodiment 具体化,化身

ex) Children embody a kind of innocent joy that adults can rarely experience.

孩子们会表现出一种纯真的快乐,而这是大人极少体验到的。

9.encroach [en(=in)+croach<croch( =hook,bend)像钩子一样蜷缩在里边]

vi. on+sth go beyond what is right or natural or desirable; trespass on the rights 侵入,侵蚀;侵害权利等 encroachment 侵入,侵害,侵蚀

ex) Suburban creep is encroaching on the family farm where I grew up.

郊区的小偷正在侵害我曾经生潘过的家族农场。

10.endow [(en (=in) + dow<don ( =give)给里边]

vt. sb+with+sth give money, property, etc.for a college,a hospital, etc.; be born with qualities, etc.(向医院、学校等)捐赠;天生赋予某种资质

endowment 捐赠,捐助(款),捐赠的基金;(pl.)天赋,天资

ex)The business tycoon endowed a professorship in the university’s business school.

那位商业大亨资助了这所大学商学院的一个教授职位。