intel- 中英文意思 中间,之间,相互PPT

inter-的变体,用在l前。

同源单词

intellect, intellectual, intelligence, intelligent, intelligible

prefix intel-,inter-,enter-的词源、意思和例词PPT

拉丁前缀inter-来源于拉丁介词inter,意思相当于 between(在…之间) 或 among (在…的中间)。inter-本是原生词缀,它出现在从法语引进的拉丁词中。但是,现在它已经成为英语的派生前缀,可以与不同语源的动词、名词相结合,表示between,mutually,mutual等意思。与动词结合时,inter-是个副词性前缀,不改变词基单词的词性;与名词结合时,它是形容词或介词性前缀。当它作为介词性前缀与名词结合时,可能改变词基的词性,生成形容词。inter-的异体intel-只能作原生词缀,出现在intellect等少数单词中。与前缀inter-形近的前缀有intro,intra 意为“在内,向内”,注意不要混淆。

另外,前缀inter-有以下几种变形。 1. intel- [在辅音字母I前] intelligent, intellectual 2.enter- (emtr-)[用于法语系统]

entertainer, enterprising, entrepreneur 例词: 1.intercept [inter( =between) +cept( =take)在中间抓住、夺取]

vt. seize or stop on the way, before arrival at the intended place; interrupt an enemy force, especially enemy aircraft 中途夺取,抓住,抢夺;拦截

interception 中途夺取,抓住,抢夺,拦截 interceptor 中途抢夺的人;拦截机

ex)tried to Intercept Ms.Barnes before she reached the airport.

我设法在巴恩斯女士到达机场前拦住她。 2.interrupt [inter( =between) +rupt( =break)在其间打碎]

vt. break the continuity of; cut in; break in upon a person’s action,speech,etc.中断;阻断:妨碍行动、说话等 interruption 中断:妨碍,阻碍 interrupter 阻碍者,妨碍物

ex) Regular programming was Interrupted for an important news bulletin.

因为要插播一条重要新闻公告,正常的节目播放被中断了。 3.intellectual [intel

n. a person with intellectual interests or tastes 有知识的人,知识分子

adj. of the intellect; having or showing good reasoning power 知识的;智能的,智力超群的 intellect 智力,理解力;理智;(复数或作为总称时)知识分子,有识之士 intelligence 智力;信息 intelligentsia 知 识阶层 intelligent聪明的

ex) While bright,I hardly think he qualifies as an in intellectual.

他虽然很聪明,不过我认为他不够格做一个知识分子。 4.enterprising [enter

adj. showing enterprise; full of energy and initiative; willing to take risks 事业心强的;进取的;有冒险精神的 enterprise 事业;进取心,冒险心

ex) Her enterprising nature gives a high probability for success as a CEO.

她进取的性格使她很可能成为一个成功的首席执行官。 5.intervene [inter( =between) +ven( =come)来到其间]

vt. in+sth come between others in time; interfere so as to prevent something or change the result 介入其中,干预,干涉;仲裁 intervention 调停,仲裁;干涉,介入

ex)I try not to intervene in the disputes among my children.

我尽量不介入孩子之间的争吵。 6.intermediary [inter( =between) +medi( =middle)在其间起到中间作用的]

n. go-between, mediator; any medium, means, or agency 中介者,仲裁者,调停人;中间物,媒介物

adj. acting as a link between persons and groups; intermediate 中介的,仲裁的:中间的 intermediate(时间、空间、程度等)在中间的;中间物

ex)He played a role as Intermediary in ending the Russo-Japanese War.

他在结束日俄战争中起到了调解人的作用。 7.interrogate [inter( =between) +rog(=ask)在中间问]

vt. put questions to, especially closely or formally 审问,质问

interrogation 审问,质问 interrogator 审问者,质问者 interrogative 表示疑问的;疑问词 interrogatory 审问的,质问的;审问,质问

ex) The customs agent Interrogated us for a full five minutes.

海关人员整整审问了我们五分钟。 8.intercede [inter ( =between) +ced ( =go)走向其间]

vi.in+sth; with+sb+for+sb intervene for the purpose of producing agreement;mediate; plead or make a request in behalf of another or others 调停;仲裁:请愿,求情 intercession 仲裁,调停;代人祈祷,请愿

ex)We asked the consulate to Intercede when our son was arrested in Panama.

儿子在巴拿马被捕的时候,我们向领事馆提出调解请求。 9.intersect [inter( =between) +sect(=cut)在其间截断]

v. divide by cutting, passing or lying across; cut or cross each other 横断:交叉

intersection 横断;交叉(点)

ex) Take a left where this street Intersects a dirt road in about a mile.

往前走一英里,在这条路和一条土路交叉的地方向左转。 10.intermittent [inter( =between) +mit( =send)送向其间]

adj. stopping and starting again at intervals 间歇的 intermit 暂停,间断

intermission 中止;休息时间;幕间休息 intermittently 间歇地,断断续续地

ex) Our smoke alarm makes an irritating Intermittent beep that won’t stop.

我们家的烟雾报警器不时发出没完没了的烦人的报警声。 11.interdict [inter(=between 在…之间);dict(=to speak 说)→]

v. prohibit or forbid 禁止,制止

ex)He was interdicted from going abroad. 他被禁止出国。

interdiction n.禁止;制止

interdictory adj. 禁止的,制止的 12.interest [inter(=between 在…之间);est(=to be 存在)→”be concerned with or have a share in 与…有关,在…有一份”→]

n.关心,兴趣;利益

ex)He has an interest in sports. 他对运动感兴趣。 vt. 使发生兴趣

ex)This new method will certainly interest you. 这新方法肯定会引起你的兴趣。 13.interfere [inter(=between 在…之间);fere(=to strike) → 从中间打入]

v. 干预;干涉

ex)The police interfered to stop the riot. 警察干预制止骚乱。

interference n. 干涉,干预;妨碍,打扰 14.interpose [inter(=between 在…之间);pos(=to place 放置),-e 后缀→放在当中]

v. 插入

ex)He interposed his hand between my eyes and the light. 他将手放在我眼前挡住灯光。

interposition n.插入;插嘴;干预 15.interchange [inter(=nutually 相互地);change v. 改变→ 相互之间变换]

v. 交换,互换

ex)The two girls exchanged hats. 两个女孩交换帽子。 16.interconnect [inter(=nutually 相互地);connect v.联系)→]

v.使互相联系;使互相结合

ex)The two things are closely interconnected. 这两个事物紧密地联系在一起的。 17.intercity [inter(=nutually 相互地);city n.城市 →]

adj.城市间的,市际的

ex)Intercity automobile traffic develops rapidly these years. 近年城市间的汽车交通发展很快。 18.international [inter(=between 在…之间);nation 国家;-al 形容词后缀→]

adj. 国际的,世界的

ex)A treaty is an international agreement. (国家间的)条约是一种国际性的协议。 19.interview [inter(=nutually 相互地);view n. 看见→]

n. 会见,会谈

ex)Father had an interview with the teacher about my study. 父亲会老师谈我学习的事情。 20.interflow [inter(=nutually 相互地);flow n. 流动→]

n. 交流,互通

ex)We urge the interflow of commodities between the urban and rural areas. 我们鼓励城乡的商品交流。