prefix syn-,sy-,sym-,syl-,sys- 中英文意思 with,together同共,一起,相似PPT

汉: 前缀syn-来源于希腊语,意为“with,together,at the same time,by means of,alike”等,相当于拉丁文前缀co-,前缀syn在辅音字母b,m,p前变为sym(symbol,symmetrysymptom),在辅音字母l前变为sly(syllabus,syllogism)。此外,在辅音字母s,z前,字母N偶尔也会脱落为sy-(systematic,syzygy),这就是为什么我们会遇到很多前缀sl-,sym-,syl-,sys-等原因了。

英:word-forming element meaning "together with," from Gk. syn "with, together with," of unknown origin.

同缀词:

1.syllable [sy- = syn- 共同 + lable=to hold → 一起念的音→大家都用它来读的音]

n.minimum,rhythmic unit of spoken language,consisting of a vowel or sustained consonant,often preceded or followed by unsustained consonant 音节

ex)I ask her to pronounce each syllable of the word clearly.

我让她清楚地读出单词的每个音节。

2.symbiosis [sym-=syn- 共同,一起 + bio =life 生活,生命 + -sis名词后缀→ 一起生活]

n.harmonic association of different organisms,etc.共生

ex)Any of the reciprocal actions or effects, such as symbiosis, that can occur in a community.

(种间)相互作用出现在群落中的相互作用和效应,例如共生现象

3.synchronize [syn=at the same time + chron=time syn=at the same time + chron=time + -ize 动词后缀]

v.to time things together;happen at the same time (使)同步,同时发生

ex)Before parting,we synchronized our watches.

分开之前,我们对一下表

4.syntax [syn=together + tax=arrange → 共同排定顺序]

n.the arrangement and relationship of words in phrases and sentences

句子构造,句法

ex)If students practiced speaking English as hard as they study English syntax,they would master the language in a few short years.

5.synchronism [syn-=together 一起 + chron 时间 +-ism 名词后缀→同时做的事]

n.同时发生;同时性;并发;对照历史年表

6.syndicate [syn- 一起 + dic 说 + -ate 动词后缀 →根据法律共同组成]

v.组织成集团

n.企业组合,集团

7.syndrome [syn- 共同 + drom 跑 + -e 后缀 →一起出现的症状]

n.综合症状;习惯;习性;症候群

8.synonym [syn- 相同,共同 + onym =name 名字 → 意思相同的名字]

n.同义词

ex) antonym [ant- 反,对 + onym 名字 →意思相反的名字] n.反义词

9.synopsis [syn- 共同 + opsis=seeing,sight 看 → 全部一起看→

n.大意,要略;纲领

10.synthesis [syn- 共同 + thesis=putting 放置 → 放置在一起]

n.综合;合成

11.system [sy- syn- 共同 +ste = to stand 站 + -m =ment 名词后缀→站在一起的事物]

n.系统,;体系;秩序;制度;方法

12.syllepsis [syl- = syn- 共同 + lep=to take + -sis 名词后缀 →一起使用]

n.(文法)兼用法;(修辞)双叙法

13.syllogism [syl- = syn- =togehter + logism =reasoning推论 →一起推论]

n.三段论法;演绎法

14.symbol [sym-=syn- = together + bol =to throw → 共同投掷→总是和…在一起]

n.象征;符号;记号

15.symmetry [sym- = syn- together + metry=measure →共有的法度→同样的法度]

n.匀称;对称;调和;相称

16.sympathy [同上,pathy =feeling → 共有的感情]

n.同感;共鸣;同情;怜悯;赞同

ex) antipathy [anti- 反 + pathy =feeling ] n.反感

ex) pathos n.悲怆,哀婉,凄楚,伤感;痛苦;同情

17.symphony [同上,phony=sound ]

n.声音的协调;谐音;色彩的协调;交响乐

18.symposium [sym- = syn- =together + posium= po =to drink]

n.(古希腊的)宴会后的馀兴;座谈会;讨论会;论文集

<解说>古代的希腊人流行在吃饭后喝酒的时候,同时进行知识方面的讨论。哲人柏拉图曾在对话篇the Symposium 中提到这种场合的探讨。现在symposium 仍然具有就一个问题交换各种意见、并加以记录的意思。

19.symptom [见上,ptom = to fall →和病一起降临身上的东西→有病才出现的东西]

n. 症状;征兆