under- 中英文意思 在下,不足PPT

同源单词

misunderstand, misunderstanding, underestimate, undergo, undergraduate

under- 中英文意思 below,beneathPPT

under-

前缀under-来源于盎格鲁-撒克逊语,与前缀over意思相反,意为“below,beneath”,此外,前缀under在动词前意为“from beneath”;在形容词前意为“insufficiently,not completely”;在名词前,意为“inferior,subordinate”

under-

① 表示“在…下”

undercurrent n.current of water flowing beneath the surface;tendency of thought or feeling lying below what is apparent 潜流,潜在的情绪;在这个单词undercurrent中cur是词根意思是run.在下面跑的东西==》潜流,潜

在的情结。

underdeveloped a.not yet full developed,未开发的。例句:Africa remains the only underdeveloped continent on earth.

非洲是地球上现存唯一一个未被开发的大陆。

understatement n. statement that express the idea,etc. too weakly 淡化;低调说法

To say Frank is conservative is an understatement.说弗兰克保守是一种低调的说法。

underground地下的(under+ground地)

underwrite在…下面写(under+write写)

underline划线于…下(under+line线,在字底下划线,引申为强调)

undersea在海底(under+sea海)

undermine破坏,损坏(under+mine挖→挖墙角)

underling下属(under+ling小人物→下属)

underclothing内衣裤(under+clothing衣服)

underwear内衣(under+wear穿衣服)

② 表示“不足,不够”

underestimate估计不足(under+estimate估计)

underplay对…轻描淡写(under+play玩→没玩够→说得不够的)

underpopulated人口稀少的(under+populated有人住的)

underdeveloped不发达的(under+developed发展→发展不够)

undersized不够大的(under+sized大的→不够大的)

③ 表示“副手”

underagent副代理人(under+agent代理人)

underofficer下级官员(under+officer官员)