suffix -hood 含义、词源和例词PPT

后缀-hood 来源于古英语,它一般加在名词后面(有时也加在形容词后面),构成抽象名词。其主要意思是the state or quality of being ~(…的状态或性质)和the character or status of ~(…的身份或资格)。此外,还可以表示 a group or body of~s (…的集体)与a concrete instance of~(…的实例)。

下面各举一代表性词例说明-hood的上述用法。

1.boyhood [boy + -hood ]

n.男孩时代,少年时代;男孩们,少年们

ex)He often told us his boyhood adventures. 他常常把自己少年时代的奇遇告诉我们。

The boyhood of the nation produces the leaders of the future. 国家未来的领导就出自当今的少年之中。

2.priesthood [priest n.教士;-hood ]

n.教士的身份;教士的职位;全体教士

ex)He was admitted to the priesthood. 他被授予教士的职位。

He was regarded as an example of the priesthood of Spain. 他被视为全西班牙教士的楷模。

以下是-hood加在形容词后面的两个例子。

1.falsehood [false adj.假的;-hood → “假的实例”]

n.假话,谎言

ex)His oral reports to the FBI were laced with falsehoods. 他给中央情报局的口头是用谎言编织成的。

2.likehood

n.可能;可能性

ex)Is there any great likelihood of rain this evening? 今晚下雨的可能性大吗?