suffix -ion含义、词源和例词PPT

-ion来源于拉丁语,只能加缀在拉丁动词词干或拉丁借词上,构成相应的名词,其意思相当于the act or process of ~,the result of ~ing,the condition of being ~ed,a thing that ~s等,即表示某一动作过程、结果与状态,以及与该行为有关的事物。由于拉丁构词规律的影响,-ion有-ation,-ition,-ution等异体,但它们的用法与意义与-ion并无区别。

1.attraction [attract v.吸引;-ion ]

n.吸引;吸引力

ex)The attraction of the bright headlight made the deer stop in the road. 明亮的汽车前灯光吸引得那只鹿停在公路中间。

Sports have great attraction for most boys. 运动对多数男孩子有很大的吸引力。

2.calculation [calcul 计算;-ation ]

n.计算;计算结果

ex)Our first calculation was wrong,but the second was correct. 我们第一次得数是错误的,第二次是对的。

3.collection [collect 收集;-ion →“收集的结果”]

n.收集物,收藏品

ex)Our library has a large collection of books. 我们的图书馆藏书量很大。

4.fascination

n.迷恋,强烈爱好

ex)the girl’s fascination with television programms worried her parents very much. 那小女孩迷上了电视节目,父母大为担忧。

5.connection

n.连接,联系;连接物

ex)The connection between the radiator and the pipe has become loose. 汽车水箱与管道之间的连接件已经松动。

6.falsification [falsif = to falsify 窜改,伪造;-ication ]

n.窜改,伪造

ex)The falsification of the will was not discovered for three months. 过了三个月才发现遗嘱被窜改。