suffix -nessPPT

汉:-ness抽象名词后缀,意为“state,quality”,加在形容词之后,构成抽象名词,表示性质、情况、状态。

英:word-forming element denoting action, quality, or state, attached to an adjective or past participle to form an abstract noun, from O.E. -nes(s), from West Germanic *in-assu- (cf. O.S. -nissi, M.Du. -nisse, Du. -nis, O.H.G. -nissa, Ger. -nis, Goth. -inassus), from *-in-, noun stem, + *-assu-, abstract noun suffix, probably from the same root as L. -tudo (see -tude).

1.effortlessness

n.making no effort 毫不费力,前缀ef=ex=out,fort=strong

She plays with seemingly effortless skill.

她演奏得似乎毫不费力。

2.gracelessness

n.lacking grace;lacking a sense of what is right and proper 不优美;粗野;不知廉耻

We looked for signs of gracelessness to prove she was the princess she claimed to be.

我们试图寻找出她不够优雅的地方,以证明她不过是自我标榜的公主。

3.shamelessness

n.effrontery,immodesty 不知羞耻,无耻

In a display of utter shamelessness,he pulled out several $100 bills and began waving them in their faces.

他完全不知羞耻,掏出几百元大钞在他们面前挥舞。