suffix -some 中英文意思causing ~,~tending toPPT

汉: 形容词后缀-some 来源于古英语,它与不定代词some同源,但在构词中意思却更为复杂。-some可以与名词结合,表示causing ~(产生…的);也可以与动词相结合,表示~tending to ~(易于…的);不可以与形容词相结合,表示

~to a considerable degree (相当…的)。

英:word-forming element used in making adjectives, from Old English -sum (see some; and cf. Old Frisian -sum, German -sam, Old Norse -samr), related to sama "same."

As a suffix added to numerals meaning "a group of that number" (cf. twosome) it represents Old English sum "some," used after the genitive plural (cf. sixa sum "six-some"), the inflection disappearing in Middle English. Use of some with a number meaning "approximately" also was in Old English.

1.cumbersome

adj.burdensome;heavy and awkward to carry 有负担的,累赘的;笨重的

Video camera,even professional quality ones,are no longer the cumbersome.

现在的摄像机,哪怕是具有专业品质的,都不再像以前那样笨重了。

2.gruesome

adj.filling one with horror of disgust,frightful 可怕的;令人毛骨悚然的

Out of the wreckage came a guesome tale of survival through cannibalism.

恐怖的传闻,海滩中人们为了生存互相残杀。

3.meddlesome

adj.fond of medding 好管闲事的

Get rid of the meddlesome fool!

让那个爱管闲事的傻瓜走开!

4.winsome

adj.attractive;pleasing,bright 迷人的,可爱的;快活的

He knew he was handsome,and used his winsome features to get his way with the women he worked with.

他知道自己很英俊,于是便利用他迷人的外貌,在他的女性同事面前为所欲为。